World In late March, after a four-year, American-backed operation, coalition forcesThe bigger challenge, however, will be ending the ongoing civil war and rebuilding Syria to bring home millions of refugees and internally displaced people. This means creating a state that can provide safety, security and opportunity that forestalls further rebellion and devastation.It’s a daunting task, unlikely to happen anytime soon. The nature of Syria’s government and the likely shape of any war accords portend an empty peace, if not a frozen conflict, and years of further suffering, potentially fomenting further conflict in the region and providing a continued haven for terrorists.The cost of the Syrian civil war has been immense. Almost half a million people have been killed, half the population has been displaced, and the cumulative loss to the gross domestic product from 2011 through the end of 2016 has been estimated by the World Bank to total $226 billion. As yet, there have been no definitive estimates of the cost of reconstruction, although the Syrian government wishfully has mentioned $400 billion.But as long as Bashar al-Assad remains in power, nothing close to that will come into the country. Instead, reconstruction will be piecemeal. The government will likely use… Read full this story
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