Subcompact In the fall of 1959 Detroit automobile manufacturers attempted to confront entry-level imports and domestic small cars such as the Studebaker Lark and Rambler American and in doing so created the compact class of cars, including the Chevrolet Corvair, Ford Falcon and Plymouth Valiant, each introduced as 1960 models. By the 1970s, while cars like the Chevrolet Nova, Ford Maverick, and AMC Hornet had evolved into the smallest versions of the traditional six-passenger American family cars, they were larger than subcompacts, and many were delivered with optional V8 engines. The Chevrolet Vega was introduced September 10, 1970 as part of GM, Ford and AMC automakers entering a new subcompact car class. The AMC Gremlin was introduced six months prior and the Ford Pinto one day after the Vega’s introduction. They competed directly with the successful, but aging VW Beetle, as well as Japanese imports from Toyota and Datsun. Although the Vega’s conventional rear wheel drive layout and unibody was similar to the Japanese subcompacts, its 97.0-inch (2,460Â mm) wheelbase and 169.7-inch (4,310Â mm) overall length were longer than Toyota Corolla’s 91.9-inch (2,330Â mm) wheelbase and 161.4-inch (4,100Â mm) length. History Origin 1967 Chevrolet and Pontiac divisions were working separately on small cars in… Read full this story
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