Nation targets 8 million new jobs
|Young people look for job opportunities at an employment fair in Ha Noi. A National Target Programme on Job Generation expects to create millions of new jobs by 2010. — VNS Photo Truong Vi|
HA NOI — The Ministry of Labour, Invalid and Social Affairs’s plans to generate eight million new jobs by 2010 is well under way.
This was announced by Dam Huu Dac, Molisa’s deputy minister, who said it was part of a National Target Programme on Job Generation.
“Each year, 1.5 to 1.6 million new jobs are being generated and a total of 49.5 million workers are expected to be employed by 2010.”
The ministry promised to modernise 30 to 40 job-target centres and complete a national information system on job availability.
And it plans to raise the rate of exported labour to between 40,000 and 50,000 by 2010, an increase of 65 five per cent over a five-year period.
Labour structure in different sectors will also change. By 2010, agriculture will account for just 49.6 per cent of workers as opposed to the present 52.8 per cent, industry will have 22.9 per cent (18.93 per cent), and the service sector, 27.4 per cent (28.6).
Foreign job markets have expanded significantly. There are now more than 40 export countries compared to 15 in 1995.
Despite positive results achieved in job generation, the challenges ahead will be considerable, Dac said.
“The unemployment rate in rural areas is still high,” he said. [The rural rate increased from 5.86 per cent in 2006 to 6.12 per cent in 2007.]
It was often difficult to find jobs for low-skilled workers. Other difficulties have been a lack of co-ordination between the training system and the job market and insufficient State investment in developing human resources.
Dac said a score of measures must be taken to meet the targets set in the National Target Programme on Job Creation.
These measures were to:
° boost development of trade villages and small-scale industries in rural provinces to generate jobs.
° focus investment on highly-advanced industries than can employ large numbers of workers in industrial parks and open new economic and processing zones to attract workers.
° make sure key socio-economic development programmes are carried out in close relation with job-creation projects. The focus on human-resources must be paramount when screening local development plans.
Other measures include developing ideas for projects that put priority on rural workers, especially in areas where land has been reclaimed for industry and urban development, boosting vocational training and expanding foreign job markets.
These measures need to be taken comprehensively in order to meet set target, he said.
The Vietnamese job market generated about 1.68 million new jobs in 2007, passing the target of 1.52 million set for the year, according to the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs.
About 1.6 million of the new positions were generated within Viet Nam and about 85,000 jobs abroad, bringing the total Vietnamese guest workers and experts to more than 400,000 people by 2007.
By the end of 2007, there were more than 45.6 million labours employed nationwide, an increase of 2.31 per cent over the previous year.
At present, nationally, there are about 150 national job-introduction centres and more than 2,000 job consultancies and introduction services.
Of these, about 30 centres organised regular job exchanges in 2007, not only in big cities such as HCM City and Da Nang, but also in mountainous provinces, including Hoa Binh, Bac Giang and Phu Tho provinces. — VNS
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